MCHC Blood Test Results Explained


A MCHC blood test could be ordered for someone who has signs of fatigue or weakness, when there is an infection, is bleeding or bruising easily or when there is noticeable inflammation. The MCHC test is most commonly used to evaluate for macrocytic anemia. MCHC tests for the levels of hemoglobin in the blood. This test is also referred to as an MCH test.

The symptoms of macrocytic anemia include:

  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Ataxia
  • Tongue Soreness
  • Reflex problems with deep tendons
  • Tachycardia
  • Posterior column sensation loss
  • Dyspnea

Anyone experiencing these symptoms should see a physician for diagnosis and treatment.

What does a low MCHC test result mean?

The average level for mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration sits around 33%.

If your levels are below 28%, then your doctor may consider them too low. Levels this low can be due to blood loss over time, too little iron in the body or hypochromic anemia. Hypochromic anemia or iron deficiency anemia, often means the red blood cells do not have enough hemoglobin to function correctly.

Further investigation should be carried out if this is the case. You may have a problem absorbing iron, a case of internal bleeding, any gastrointestinal tract tumors or a specific condition.

Treating Anemia

The doctor will use these numbers to help determine what kind of anemia a patient suffers from. Iron deficiency is the most common cause, and a change in diet should cause the blood to return to its normal state within a couple of weeks once the iron levels have been replenished.

What does a high MCHC test result mean?

If your levels are high (above the 33% average) then there’s a chance you’re suffering from macrocytic anemia.

A deficiency in folic acid could lead to this. Also, liver disease, hereditary spherocytes and vitamin B12 deficiency are sometimes responsible for this type of result. Burn victims also show elevated mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration.

Should I have my MCHC levels tested?

If you haven’t already had your MCHC levels checked it’s probably a good idea to ask your doctor for the tests to be done. The CBC test (Complete Blood Count) is a very common blood test that looks for for both the MCHC and MCV markers.

Are there ways to improve your MCHC levels

Before trying to fix your hemoglobin levels you should get testing to find out what reason(s) is causing your condition.

If the cause is a systematic condition like bone marrow defects, cancer, kidney problems then you’ll need to get specialized treatment.

If it’s being caused by certain types of drugs, then you might want to look for alternative medications.

If it’s due to nutritional deficiencies then you should eat more mineral rich food and/or create a supplement regiment. The most common nutritional deficiencies related tomean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration levels are iron, folate, vitamin C and Vitamin B12.